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DIBRU-SAIKHUWA NATIONAL PARK

Posted on 9 March, 2016 at 3:40 Comments comments (0)

DIBRU-SAIKHUWA NATIONAL PARK : Dibru - Saikhowa National park located at about 12 kms north of Tinsukia town of Assam covering an area of 650 sq. km. is also a Biosphere reserve. It is one of the 19 bio diversity hotspots in the world. The Park is bounded by the Brahmaputra and Lohit rivers in the north and Dibru river on the south. It is situated in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia District of Assam. It mainly consists of wet evergreen forests, tropical moist deciduous forest, cane brakes and grasslands. It is the largest salix swamp forest in north east India. Situated in the flood plains of the Brahmaputra and the Lohit, at an altitude of 118 m above sea level, Dibru-Saikhowa is a safe haven for many endangered species. Due to the auto stocking by River Brahmaputra and Dibru, it is rich in Fish Diversity. Originally created to help conserve the habitat of the rare White-winged Wood Duck, the park is also home to about 36 species of mammals of which 12 are listed in the schedule 1 of Wild life (Protection) Act 1972. The mammalian species of Dibru-Saikhowa includes Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Jungle Cat, Sloth Bear, Dhole, Small Indian Civet, Malayan Giant Squirrel, Chinese Pangolin, Gangetic Dolphin, Slow Loris, Pig Tailed Macaque, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Capped Langur, Hollock Gibbon, Asian Elephant, Wild Boar, Sambar, and Hog Deer, barking Deer, Asiatic Water Buffalo, and Feral Horses etc. Dibru-Saikhowa is uniformly rich and diverse in herpeto fauna. 2 species of Monitor Lizards, 8 species of Turtles and 8 species of Snakes have so far been recorded from the Dibru-Saikhowa. 62 dissimilar species of fishes and more than 350 species of birds have also been recorded from the Dibru-Saikhowa. The avi fauna of Dibru-Saikhowa includes Greater Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Great Grebe, Indian Shag,Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Night Heron,Yellow Bittern,Openbill Stork, Black Stork, Large Whisstling Teal, Greylag Groose,Common Pintail, Pallas's Fishing Eagle, Griffon Vulture, Osprey, Crested Serpent Eagle,Spot Billed Pelican, White Winged Duck, Bear's Poachard, Greater Spotted Eagle, Bengal Florican, Pale Capped Pigon, Great Pied Hornbill, March Babbler, Jardon's Babbler, Black Breasted Parrotbill.